“Miscarriage” is the word used for pregnancies that dissolve on their own without abortion. Miscarriage is one of the things most pregnant women pray not to encounter.
The fear of miscarriage hounds almost every pregnant woman. The moment they get a confirmation about their pregnancy, they become very cautious with their actions, and ensure that they eat right, sit right, and in fact, sleep right. They do not want to err as they fear that a misfortune might occur. Miscarriage is a natural pregnancy loss and it happens before the first 20 weeks.
Also known as spontaneous abortion, miscarriage is very common in older women. The possibility increases depending on your age. The chances of a miscarriage increase around 15 per cent for those who are between the age groups of 20 to 29 and around 28 per cent for those who are in their forties. Your chances of gettingpregnant in your 40s are sadly less, whereas your chance of miscarriage is sadly increased.
Knowing the signs and symptoms of miscarriage might help avoid it at the early stage. Most reported cases of miscarriages occur before the 20th week of the pregnancy, with the vast majority before 13 weeks.
Below are some signs and symptoms of miscarriage:
- Severe back pains: These back pains are not just the normal back pains human beings experience; they are way more painful than menstrual cramps. Although, back pains in pregnancy are almost unavoidable, but severe ones are not so good, especially the ones that come with cramping and bleeding. Severe back pain is a very critical sign of miscarriage.
- Bleeding: Most pregnant women tend to bleed at some point, but it is also a sign of an inchoate miscarriage. Most especially if it occurs within the first three months.
- Cramping during pregnancy: Cramping during pregnancy is well known to be a common thing, but if the cramps are very painful and accompanied by severe back pains, one should take this as a sign that miscarriage may be starting.
- Tissue Expulsion: During the first three months of the pregnancy, the fetus is less than anything similar to a baby; it takes more than six weeks for it to grow its biggest body parts. During abortions, various chunks of tissues are expelled from the body, so in any case where a woman experiences tissue expulsions, miscarriage is almost inevitable.
- Loss of pregnancy symptoms: When a pregnant woman suddenly doesn’t experience the pregnancy symptoms such as breast sensitivity or tenderness, nausea, vomiting ETC. It simply means there is a probability that miscarriage might occur.
- Decreased activity of the baby: Most miscarriages occur within the first trimester. When a pregnant woman notices a decreased activity of the baby, medical attention is required because it’s one of the important symptoms of miscarriage.
- Spotting: Spotting is a sign of miscarriage and should never be considered normal, it’s important to inform your ob/gyn. Although, the presence of spotting may not necessarily mean that miscarriage will occur, it’s just an indicator that something abnormal is going on with the pregnancy.
- Discharge of white-pink mucus: The discharge of white-pink mucus from the vagina during pregnancy does mean it’s a sign of an inevitable miscarriage. Although, it’s a miscarriage symptom but can still be avoided if the woman seeks medical attention early enough.
- True Contractions: Most women likely to encounter miscarriage experience painful contractions which occur every two to five minutes.
- Weight loss: Funny enough, weight loss is one of the signs and symptoms of miscarriage. During pregnancy, your body adds more weight as the baby grows. But if you suddenly find yourself losing weight, then that’s an indicator of miscarriage.
- A negative pregnancy test after a positive one: Some women decide to take another pregnancy test after the first one which clearly indicates that they are pregnant and are surprised to get a negative result. This means that the placenta which was previously mixed with hormones has started disintegrating.
- Preterm labour: Preterm labour before the first twenty weeks into pregnancy is considered a critical symptom of miscarriage. If signs of preterm labour are noticed, one should seek medical attention as early as possible. Preterm labour signs include frequent contractions, changes in vaginal discharge, pressure in the pelvic area, dull backache.
- Pain in the pelvic region: Unusual pain in the pelvic region has been recognised as one of the early signs and symptoms of miscarriage. If this is noticed in a pregnant woman, immediate medical attention is advised.
Signs of Miscarriage Depending On the Length of Pregnancy
The most prominent sign of miscarriage i.e. bleeding may vary a bit, with the change in the term of pregnancy.
Signs of Early Miscarriage: Miscarriage that occurs within 6 weeks of pregnancy show signs like heavy vaginal bleeding, which resembles a heavy menstrual period.
Signs of Miscarriage in the First Trimester: Miscarriage that occurs within 6-12 weeks of pregnancy show signs like moderate pain or cramping, followed by bleeding.
Signs of Miscarriage after the First Trimester: Miscarriage that occurs after 12 weeks of pregnancy shows signs like bleeding and pain, which feel almost like the intensity of labour.
Whenever a miscarriage is suspected or any of the above signs are noticed, it’s best to inform your ob/gyn immediately so as to resolve it if the miscarriage in evitable.
The main aim of treatment during or after a miscarriage is to put an end to the hemorrhaging and/or infection. The earlier you are in the pregnancy, the more likely that your body will expel all the fetal tissue by itself and will not require further medical processes. If the woman’s body does not expel all the tissue, the most common process performed to stop bleeding and prevent infection is a dilation and curettage, known as a D&C. Drugs may be recommended to help control bleeding after the D&C is performed. Bleeding should be monitored intimately once you are in your home; if you notice any up rise in bleeding or the onset of chills or fever, it is best to contactyour ob/gyn immediately.